​Alenia Aermacchi is a leader in the use of composite materials and carbon fiber technologies for both military and civil applications.

Today it plays a leading role in the Boeing 787 Dreamliner program—that uses  only composite materials for primary structure of the commercial aircraft; this is the first time an entire primary structure has used only composite materials for its . The composite materials centers of excellence are both located in Puglia. 

The Grottaglie site was created specifically for the revolutionary manufacturing technologies that produce single-piece 787 fuselage barrels. Foggia builds, among other things, 787 empennages.